Match the pest control to the pest and match the treatment to the particular pest: to where it lives and what it eats, to the museum, to the people who work in the museum, and to the object.
Mechanical and physical control. Decide how to change your museum structure – vents, drains, screens, doors, plants, or windows. For example, to keep birds away, remove vines and bushes from exterior walls; to keep cockroaches away, remove leaves and grass clippings.
Cultural control. Decide how to change people’s work (or eating) habits in the galleries, offices, library, and storage rooms. For example, do not leave food or wrappers in wastebaskets overnight; do not leave dirty dishes in the sink.
Sanitation. Decide how to make living in the museum more difficult for the pest. For example, make sure all windows have screens; to stop cockroaches from coming up around pipes, caulk all openings.
Biological control. Decide if another organism will solve a problem. For example, a cat in the garden might help catch mice.
Chemical control. Try local treatment, specific to the habits of the insect. For example, spray cracks and crevices for cockroaches; then set baited traps in dark corners.